Rigid electromagnetic brakes
The rigid electromagnetic brake is used in tram systems and metros.
This type of EM brake has a rigid magnetic body. The brakes are suspended individually in the bogie of the train. The rigid electromagnetic brake is not used in conjunction with a track holder. There would be a loss in the holding force since the track shoes are firmly mounted and cannot adapt to the track. As a result, this type is not used in standard-gauge rail systems.
Different application options are available, from grooved rail to standard-gauge rail.
Flaking/peeling which has occurred is easier to remove since the track shoes are firmly connected to the EM brake. Due to the low number of wearing parts, the maintenance costs are lower for the rigid electromagnetic brake.